The repeal by this act of any act of Assembly, or part thereof, shall not revive any act, or part thereof, heretofore repealed or superseded, nor affect the existence of class of any township heretofore created.The provisions of this act shall not affect any act done, liability incurred, or right accrued or vested, or affect any suit or prosecution, pending or to be instituted, to enforce any right or penalty or punish any offense under the authority of such repealed laws. The townships now in existence and those to be hereafter created are divided into two classes.When any report is confirmed absolutely, the court shall enter a decree altering or ascertaining and establishing the lines and boundaries as shown in said report. Monuments.--Whenever any such township line or boundary is altered or ascertained and established, the court shall cause the same to be appropriately marked with stone monuments placed at intervals not exceeding fifteen hundred feet. Compensation and Expenses of Commissioners; Cost.--The compensation and expenses of commissioners appointed to alter or ascertain and establish township lines shall be in the amount approved by the court. If no exceptions are filed, the court may confirm the report, or make such other order as by it shall be deemed proper. Compiler's Note: Section 9 of Act 312 of 1974 provided that section 404 is repealed insofar as it is inconsistent. All township commissioners elected under this section shall take office on the first Monday of January next succeeding their election. Commissioners shall reside in the ward from which elected, and shall have resided in said ward continuously for at least one year before their election.
(c) Creation of Townships of the First Class by Consolidation Compiler's Note: Section 2 of Act 90 of 1994 repealed provisions relating to the consolidation of townships. Their successors shall be elected for terms of four years in accordance with this act. Election of Tax Collector in New Townships.--At the municipal election, the qualified electors of a new township shall elect a tax collector for a two or four year term so that the term shall expire at the same time as the terms of tax collectors of other townships of the first class under the provisions of this act. The clerk of the court shall be allowed a fee of three dollars and fifty cents for his services, to be paid as part of the costs of the proceedings. The publication of the notice shall be made on behalf of the petitioners in such form as the court shall approve. If a majority of the votes cast at any such election shall be in favor of the change of township name, the court shall so order and shall order the record of the proceedings to be permanently recorded. Stream Boundaries.--Whenever any township is bounded by the nearest margin of any navigable stream, and the opposite township, borough, or city, as the case may be, is also bounded by the nearest margin of the same stream, the middle of such stream shall be the boundary between such township and the opposite township, borough or city. Petition to Court; Commissioners' Report.--Upon application by petition, the court shall appoint three impartial citizens, one of whom shall be a registered surveyor or engineer, to inquire into the prayer of the petition. Election Districts.--The court of quarter sessions may, from time to time, divide any such ward into two or more election districts so as to suit the conveniences of the electors thereof. Successors to such township commissioners elected at large at such election shall be elected for terms of four years each. Whenever, in any township previously divided into wards, a new ward is created, and the number of wards thereafter in such township is five, then, at the municipal election preceding the expiration of the term of office of any commissioner or commissioners elected at large, a township commissioner shall be elected for such ward, who shall reside in the ward.
The election officers shall compute the votes cast at the election provided for in the preceding paragraph and make return thereof to the clerk of the court of quarter sessions, who shall tabulate the same and certify the result thereof to the county board of elections and the township commissioners of such township. The officers so appointed shall hold their offices from the first Monday of January following the election creating such township until the first Monday of January following the municipal election at which officers of the township are elected as hereinafter provided. Election of Commissioners in New Townships.--At the first municipal election following the creation of a township as hereinbefore provided, if such township has not been divided into wards, there shall be elected five township commissioners at large. Compiler's Note: Section 9 of Act 312 of 1974 provided that section 406 is repealed insofar as it is inconsistent. If one township commissioner is elected at large at such election, he shall be elected for a term of four years. Schedule of Election of Commissioners in Newly Created Wards.--Whenever in a township previously divided into wards, a new ward is created, and the number of wards thereafter in such township, including the new ward, is less than five, then, at the municipal election next following the expiration of the term of the commissioner or commissioners elected at large whose terms shall first expire after such creation, there shall be elected, by the registered electors of such new ward, one township commissioner, who shall reside in the ward for which he is elected, for a term of two or four years, so that the expiration of his term will harmonize with the expiration of terms of commissioners for such numbered wards under the provisions of this act.
If a majority of the votes cast at any such election shall be in favor of becoming reestablished as a township of the second class, the government of the township of the second class shall be organized and become operative on the first Monday of January next succeeding such election, at which time the terms of the officers of the township of the first class shall cease and terminate. Three of such commissioners shall be elected for terms of four years each, and two for terms of two years each, from the first Monday of January next following such election. Filing and Advertisement of Petition.--Upon determination by the court that the petition for change of name of the township is in proper form and properly executed, and the entry of the court order thereon, the original petition shall be filed with the clerk of the court and a copy of the petition and order of the court shall be filed with the county board of elections which shall frame the proper question to be submitted to the electors at the election ordered by the court. Act 312 of 1974, in turn, was repealed by the act of December 19, 1996 (P. If two township commissioners are elected at large at such election, one shall be elected for a term of two years, and one for a term of four years. Successors to such township commissioners shall be elected for terms of four years.
The costs and expenses of the proceedings, including a reasonable fee for the commissioner and attorney, shall be paid by the petitioners or by the township, or partly by each, as the court shall direct. Thereafter, successors to such commissioners shall be elected for terms of four years each at the municipal election immediately preceding the expiration of the terms of ward commissioners.
In addition to the procedure provided in the preceding paragraph, the county commissioners of each county shall, following each decennial census of the United States, ascertain from such census whether any township of the first class in the county no longer has a population of three hundred inhabitants to the square mile, and shall immediately certify the fact that any township no longer has a population of three hundred inhabitants to the square mile to the board of commissioners of the township. Submission of Question to Voters; Returns of Election, and Effect Thereof.--At the first general or municipal election occurring at least ninety days after the ascertainment by special enrollment or from the last preceding United States census, that any township of the first class no longer has a population of at least three hundred inhabitants to the square mile, the question whether such township of the first class shall be reestablished as a township of the second class shall be submitted to the voters of the township, and the county board of elections shall cause to be printed, on separate ballots to be used in such township at such election, a proper question framed in accordance with the election laws of the Commonwealth. Officers for New Townships.--Whenever a new township of the first class shall be created in accordance with any of the procedures in this article, the court of quarter sessions shall appoint five commissioners, and the other elective officers to which the township is entitled, and fix the polling place or places in such township. Numbering of Wards.--When any township shall be divided or redivided into wards, or when any ward in any township shall be created, divided, or altered, the court shall, in its decree, fix the number of each of the wards of such township. If the number of wards into which the township has been divided is less than five, then, at the municipal election preceding the expiration of the terms of any commissioner or commissioners theretofore elected at large, if such expiration of terms will leave the township with less than five township commissioners, there shall be elected at large a sufficient number of township commissioners so that the total number of commissioners elected by wards and at large in the township shall thereafter be five.
After final confirmation, the clerk of the court shall certify to the county commissioners and to the township supervisors of the township the population of the township as shown by said proceedings.