In 1966, the Governor of New York gave Robert Martinson, Douglas Lipton and Judith Wilkes one huge task: figure out what needs to be done to enable prisons to actually rehabilitate prisoners. The results, as he presented them, were depressing.
For instance, doing well in a prison’s educational programming or counselling made no impact on recidivism.
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Update your Autoload preferences under Autoload in your Account Settings.In 2004, Francis Cullen (2005), then-president of the American Society of Criminology, reviewed the field of criminology’s response to Martinson’s (1974) article:“Commenting shortly after the article’s publication, Adams (19) noted that this work had ‘shaken the community of criminal justice to its root,’ with many now ‘briskly urging that punishment and incapacitation should be given much higher priority among criminal justice goals.’”Shortly after writing his attack on rehabilitation (1974), Martinson went beyond nothing we do works and suggested that the rehabilitative ideal is itself bogus.