What is important is to clarify the lines of accountability and design strategies that foster better cooperation with civilian agencies.
Finally, these measures will require presidential champions.
Third, all major infrastructure projects should include specific engineering education objectives as part of performance.
Expansion of telecoms infrastructure should include support for new electronics engineering schools.
To do this, the military will need to strengthen its own internal engineering capacity.
The International Monetary Fund has projected that the continent will grow by 6.1 per cent in 2014, compared to the world average of 3.7 per cent.
Second, specific measures need to be adopted to expand engineering training.