An "abnormal" liver with conditions such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, gall bladder disease, and cancer is likely to result in a slower rate of metabolism.
Ethanol is metabolised to acetaldehyde by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which is found in many tissues, including the gastric mucosa.
Alcohol is metabolized by a normal liver at the rate of about 8 grams of pure ethanol per hour.
8 grams or 10 ml (0.34 US fl oz) is one British standard unit.
Hypoglycaemia occurs due to ethanol's inhibition of gluconeogenesis, especially in children, and may cause lactic acidosis, ketoacidosis, and acute renal failure.
often use breathalyzer units and field sobriety tests as more convenient and rapid alternatives to blood tests.
There are also various models of breathalyzer units that are available for consumer use.
Alcohol intoxication is a risk factor in some cases of catastrophic injury, in particular for unsupervised recreational activity.
A study in the province of Ontario based on epidemiological data from 1986, 1989, 1992, and 1995 states that 79.2% of the 2,154 catastrophic injuries recorded for the study were preventable, of which 346 involved alcohol consumption.Acetaldehyde is metabolised to acetate by acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), which is found predominantly in liver mitochondria.