Validating a web form in php

It can take upwards of 90 regular expressions (see the CSS Cheat Sheet in the Development Guide 2.0) to eliminate known malicious software, and each regex needs to be run over every field. Just rejecting "current known bad" (which is at the time of writing hundreds of strings and literally millions of combinations) is insufficient if the input is a string.

This strategy is directly akin to anti-virus pattern updates.

To ensure that the application is robust against all forms of input data, whether obtained from the user, infrastructure, external entities or database systems. This weakness leads to almost all of the major vulnerabilities in applications, such as Interpreter Injection, locale/Unicode attacks, file system attacks and buffer overflows.

This is not to say that the entire set of business rules need be applied - it means that the fundamentals are performed to prevent unnecessary round trips to the backend and to prevent the backend from receiving most tampered data.

Integrity checks must be included wherever data passes from a trusted to a less trusted boundary, such as from the application to the user's browser in a hidden field, or to a third party payment gateway, such as a transaction ID used internally upon return.

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